Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences

Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024

  • Review Article

    Determinants of Child Undernutrition in Tanzania: Agriculture and Season Perspective: A Review

    Happiness Samuel Muhimbula

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024
    Pages: 1-19
    Received: Nov. 07, 2023
    Accepted: Dec. 08, 2023
    Published: Jan. 08, 2024
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    Abstract: The causes of undernutrition are known to be complex and interrelated which need responses and solutions from different sectors to effectively design proper nutrition interventions. The UNICEF conceptual framework is a useful tool for understanding the causes of undernutrition and serves as a guide for assessing and analysing the causes, particular... Show More
  • Research Article

    Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity of Methanol Extract of Capsicum annum (Red Bell Pepper), Capsicum frutescens (Chili Pepper), and Capsicum annum (Green Bell Pepper)

    Joseph Akor, Ebuka Leonard Onyeyilim*, Joseph Ejiofor Ugwu, Eze Cosmas Chinweike

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024
    Pages: 20-26
    Received: Nov. 20, 2023
    Accepted: Dec. 19, 2023
    Published: Jan. 08, 2024
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    Abstract: In This research, we focused on the evaluation of the antioxidant activity of three major categories of pepper grown in Nsukka, a small town located in Enugu State, in the Eastern part of Nigeria. The number of vitamins and organic compounds present in pepper may be affected by maturity, genotype, and processing. Also, the ascorbic acid content in ... Show More
  • Research Article

    Prevalence and Determinants of Metabolic Risk Factors Among University Students in Dodoma and Morogoro Regions Tanzania

    Neema Mgetta*, Happiness Muhimbula, Kissa Kulwa

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024
    Pages: 27-40
    Received: Dec. 05, 2023
    Accepted: Dec. 25, 2023
    Published: Jan. 08, 2024
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    Abstract: University students often face a multitude of health risks due to the transitional phase they experience. The lifestyles they adopt increase their susceptibility to metabolic issues that are of a public health concern. Metabolic risk factors, encompassing obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and elevated glucose levels pose significant health conce... Show More
  • Research Article

    Improving the Quality of Bread Made from Corn and Wheat Flour Acceptable by Congolese Consumers

    Mikolo Bertin*, Tsoumou Kedar, Elenga Michel

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024
    Pages: 41-54
    Received: Jan. 02, 2024
    Accepted: Jan. 25, 2024
    Published: Feb. 05, 2024
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    Abstract: The study aims to improve the quality of bread made from corn and wheat flours acceptable to Congolese consumers. Wheat is the most consumed food at breakfast, but it is not within the reach of all budgets. To address this shortage, several alternatives exist to replace wheat flour with other cereals or starches. A bread formulation composed of whe... Show More
  • Research Article

    Evaluation of the Dietary Practices of Breastfeeding Mothers: Case of General Hospitals in Bonoua and Dabou

    Gnelle Assita Coulibaly*, Audrey Herbert Yépié, Naty Tadiogo Koné, Anin Louise Anin-Atchibri, Adjehi Dadié

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024
    Pages: 55-60
    Received: Jan. 11, 2024
    Accepted: Jan. 25, 2024
    Published: Feb. 05, 2024
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    Abstract: The dietary practices of breastfeeding mothers are of crucial importance as they impact the health and development of their infants. Unfortunately, these dietary practices often do not align with recommendations. A prospective descriptive study was conducted to assess the dietary practices of 120 breastfeeding mothers. The study spanned seven month... Show More
  • Research Article

    In vivo Antihyperlipidemic and Antioxidant Effect of Oil Extracted from Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1838) on Strain Wistar Rats

    Jules Christophe Manz Koule*, Régine Somon Tuem, Roland Jethro Ekwalla Misse Ngangue, Fabrice Fabien Dongho Dongmo, Merlin Ngafon Nchoutpouen, Jean Valery François Nsoga, Mathieu Ndomou, Inocent Gouado

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024
    Pages: 61-71
    Received: Jan. 05, 2024
    Accepted: Jan. 23, 2024
    Published: Feb. 21, 2024
    DOI: 10.11648/j.jfns.20241201.16
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    Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are one of the leading causes of death and disability, the main cause of which is hyperlipidemia. This work aimed to evaluate the antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant in vivo potential of oil extracted from Sardinella maderensis on rats. The oil was extracted according to the method of Bligh and Dyer and underwent chemic... Show More
  • Review Article

    Early Childhood Anemia in Rural Bangladesh: The Role of Iron Deficiency, Infections, and Inadequate Complementary Feeding Techniques

    Talukder Mujib*, Mujibur Rahman, Belfar Hossain, Mir Hasan Moslem, Khalid Ahmed Syfulla

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024
    Pages: 72-78
    Received: Jan. 20, 2024
    Accepted: Feb. 04, 2024
    Published: Feb. 21, 2024
    DOI: 10.11648/j.jfns.20241201.17
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    Abstract: Anemia and iron deficiency increased quickly until 8 to 9 months of age, while the prevalence of subclinical infections remained stable. Apart from age and male sex, iron deficiency and subclinical infections were the main risk factors for anemia. Similarly, age, male sex, and subclinical illnesses were important risk factors for iron deficiency. I... Show More