Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Evaluation of the Dietary Practices of Breastfeeding Mothers: Case of General Hospitals in Bonoua and Dabou

The dietary practices of breastfeeding mothers are of crucial importance as they impact the health and development of their infants. Unfortunately, these dietary practices often do not align with recommendations. A prospective descriptive study was conducted to assess the dietary practices of 120 breastfeeding mothers. The study spanned seven months and took place in general hospitals in Bonoua and Dabou. Socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habits of breastfeeding mothers, and food consumption frequencies over a 7-day period were determined using an adapted questionnaire. The results revealed that the majority of mothers were aged between 25 and 34 years (50.8%), had a secondary education level (40%), were in a relationship, and worked as artisans, traders, or business owners. Regarding dietary practices, 68.4% of mothers consumed at least three meals per day, including breakfast, lunch, and dinner, with an estimated water intake between 1 and 1.5 L/day (60.9%). The dietary profile of breastfeeding women from Dabou and Bonoua consisted, in descending order, of fresh vegetables (99.2%), tubers and cereals (99.2%), meats, fish, and eggs (99.2%), oil (86.7%), sugar and sweet products (79.1%), and dairy products (58.1%). However, fruits (43.8%) and dried vegetables (3%) were less frequently consumed. 20% of women avoided certain foods during breastfeeding, and 23.3% consumed alcohol. In conclusion, it would be essential to conduct awareness campaigns to improve the dietary practices of breastfeeding mothers.

Dietary Practices, Breastfeeding Mother, Infant, Breastfeeding

APA Style

Coulibaly, G. A., Yépié, A. H., Koné, N. T., Anin-Atchibri, A. L., Dadié, A. (2024). Evaluation of the Dietary Practices of Breastfeeding Mothers: Case of General Hospitals in Bonoua and Dabou. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 12(1), 55-60.

ACS Style

Coulibaly, G. A.; Yépié, A. H.; Koné, N. T.; Anin-Atchibri, A. L.; Dadié, A. Evaluation of the Dietary Practices of Breastfeeding Mothers: Case of General Hospitals in Bonoua and Dabou. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2024, 12(1), 55-60. doi: 10.11648/jfns.20241201.15

AMA Style

Coulibaly GA, Yépié AH, Koné NT, Anin-Atchibri AL, Dadié A. Evaluation of the Dietary Practices of Breastfeeding Mothers: Case of General Hospitals in Bonoua and Dabou. J Food Nutr Sci. 2024;12(1):55-60. doi: 10.11648/jfns.20241201.15

Copyright © 2024 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Castel B, Billeaud C. 2017. Nutrition of the breastfeeding mother. Cah Nutr Diet. 2017; 52(2): 89-93. doi: 10.1016/j.cnd.2016.12.003
2. UNICEF. 2020. Conceptual framework of the determining factors of maternal and child nutrition by UNICEF (2020)
3. Mamelontsoa R J. 2012. "Nutritional Status and Dietary Behavior of Breastfeeding Women at the CSBU of Antsiranana." Doctoral Thesis in Medicine at the University of Antananarivo, Madagascar, P 30-37.
4. Lantonirina R, Julio R, Daniel A, Perrine H, Jean de Dieu MR. 2018. Eating habits of mothers during pregnancy and breastfeeding, Amoron'i Mania Madagascar region: qualitative study. Pan Afr Med J. 2018; 29: 194. DOI: 10.11604/pamj.2018.29.194.12873.
5. Adiko Francis A., Yao Léopold Y., Grongnet Jean-François 2016. Anthropological study of food during tambruya in Abidjan (Ivory Coast). In: Eaters of the 21st century. Proceedings of the 138th National Congress of Historical and Scientific Societies, “Eating: food practices and strategies”, Rennes, 2013. Paris: Editions du CTHS, 2016. pp. 57-68. (Proceedings of the National Congresses of Historical and Scientific Societies, 138-9);
6. PNMN, INS. 2021. "Summary of studies conducted from 2016 to 2020 in Côte d'Ivoire in the field of nutrition."
7. Kellenberger and Laurent. 2020. Does the nutritional status of the breastfeeding mother influence galactogenesis and/or the composition of breast milk? P1.
8. Linkages. 2000. Essential Health Sector Actions to Improve Maternal Nutrition in Africa 2000; 8.
9. Nancy K., Mariatou K., CNESS-Bozari., 2007. Study on the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and practices of communities/populations regarding nutrition, primary health care for pregnant women and infants, access to clean water, hygiene and sanitation, access to healthcare for young children in the Maradi region of Niger. Final Report, P 24 – 107.
10. PNN. 2017. "The Image Box Essential Actions and Practices in Nutrition (AEN/PEN)." P10 [link to the file] (accessed on September 20, 2022).
11. IOM (Institute of Medicine), 2004. Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate. Nutrition M D.; 30(6): 73–185.
12. EFSA. 2017. "Dietary Reference Values for nutrients. Summary report." EFSA Supporting Publications 14 (12): 92 p. doi: 10.2903/sp.efsa.2017.e15121.
13. Zhang N, Morin C, Guelinckx I, Moreno LA, Kavouras SA, Gandy J, Martinez H, Salas-Salvado J, Ma G 2018. Fluid intake in urban China: results of the 2016 Liq. In (7) national cross-sectional surveys. Eur J Nutr. 2018; 57(Suppl 3): 77–88.
14. EFSA J. 2010. Authority EFS. Scientific opinion on dietary reference values for water. EFSA J. 2010; 8(3) n/a-n/a
15. Ndikom CM, Fawole B, Ilesanmi RE. 2014. "Extra fluids for breastfeeding mothers for increasing milk production." Cochrane Database Syst Rev.; 6(6): CD008758.
16. Zhou Y, Zhu X, Qin Y, Li Y, Zhang M, Liu W, Huang H and Xu Y. 2019. Association between total water intake and dietary intake of pregnant and breastfeeding women in China: a crosssectional survey. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth (2019) 19: 172
17. Nicolette E. 2021. "Study of the Diet of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women seen in consultation at the CS Com of Koulouba in Commune III of the Bamako district in 2020." Doctoral Thesis in Pharmacy at the University of Sciences, Techniques, and Technologies of Bamako, Mali, P 1-59.
18. Aguenaou H, Achaari A, Barkat A et al. 2016. Moroccan Nutrition Guide, P 58.
19. Saúl Sánchez Arias. 2022. Sugar Consumption and Breastfeeding: What You Need to Know" available on, consulted on April 16, 2023.
20. WHO. 2000. Complementary feeding. Family foods for breastfed children. Geneva.
21. Abé, N., 2013, Anthropological Foundations of Akan Procreative Thought in Ivory Coast, European Scientific Journal, 9, 56-70.
22. Yoro, B., Ehui, P., Amani, A., 2015, Les logiques socioculturelles des interdits alimentaires et comportementaux chez les femmes enceintes Agni N’dénian (Côte d’Ivoire), European Scientific Journal. 11, 134-147.
23. HCSP. 2022. Revision of Dietary Guidelines for Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women, P 8-21.
24. Koletzko B, Lehner F. 2000. Beer and breastfeeding. Adv Exp Med Biol.; 478: 23-8. doi: 10.1007/0-306-46830-1_2. PMID: 11065057.
25. Swiss Nutrition Society (SSN). 2008. "Diet and Breastfeeding," P4.