Volume 3, Issue 1-2, February 2015, Page: 148-151
Applications of 1-Methylcyclopropene and Chitosan Lengthened Fruit Shelf-Life and Maintained Fruit Qualities of ‘Mutiara’ Guava Fruits
Zulferiyenni , Agroindustrial Laboratory, Department of Agricultural Product Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia 35145
Soesiladi Esti Widodo, Horticultural Postharvest Laboratory, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia 35145
Yulinda Simatupang, Horticultural Postharvest Laboratory, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia 35145
Received: Oct. 8, 2014;       Accepted: Oct. 30, 2014;       Published: Jan. 30, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfns.s.2015030102.38      View  3086      Downloads  252
Abstract
‘Mutiara’ guava fruit is one of two leading guava cultivars sold in Indonesian markets. Its thin skin and climacteric-typed respiration shorten its shelf-life due to high transpiration and respiration rates. Eventhough 2.5% chitosan was proven to lengthen its shelf-life, the effect of ethylene trapped under chitosan coating needs to be blocked in order to increase its coating affectivity. This research was aimed at studying the effects of 1-methylchyclopropane (1-MCP) and its combination with 2.5% chitosan on fruit shelf-life and qualities of ‘Mutiara’ guava. This work was conducted during September-October 2013. A randomized complete block design of two factors was used. The first factor was 1-MCP gassing (control and 1-MCP), and the second one was chitosan (control and 2.5% chitosan). 1-MCP gas was developed by diluting 0.5 g 1-MCP powder into 30 ml of water. The results showed that 1-MCP as a sole application did not significantly influence fruit shelf-life and qualities through fruit firmness, weight loss, soluble solid, and acidity compared to treatments of control and chitosan alone, but it showed more profound effects in increasing shelf-life and maintaining ‘Mutiara’ guava fruit qualities when it was applied in a combination with 2.5% chitosan coating.
Keywords
Guava, Coating, 1-MCP, Chitosan, Quality
To cite this article
Zulferiyenni , Soesiladi Esti Widodo, Yulinda Simatupang, Applications of 1-Methylcyclopropene and Chitosan Lengthened Fruit Shelf-Life and Maintained Fruit Qualities of ‘Mutiara’ Guava Fruits, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Special Issue: Food Processing and Food Quality. Vol. 3, No. 1-2, 2015, pp. 148-151. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.s.2015030102.38
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