Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2020, Page: 117-126
Thyme and Clove Essential Oils as Antioxidants and Antimicrobial in Beef Sausage
Amal Gamil Sedki, Department of Home Economics, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Ashraf Refaat El-Zainy, Department of Home Economics, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Basma Tarek Rajab, Department of Home Economics, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Received: Aug. 13, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 24, 2020;       Published: Sep. 21, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfns.20200805.11      View  41      Downloads  33
Abstract
Sausage is one of the well-liked foodstuffs in many areas. However, its quality is vulnerable to deteriorate owing to the lipid oxidation and microbial contamination. This research aimed to study the influence of thyme and clove essential oils (EOs) with or without nitrite on the chemical composition, microbial growth, and lipid oxidation rate in sausage during frozen storage-18°C for three months. The obtained results showed that the main component in clove EO and thyme EO is eugenol and thymol. Adding sodium nitrite to sausage resulted in declines in moisture and crude lipids and increases in protein and ash contents of sausage. Adding the tested EOs increased nitrite's effect on the chemical composition of sausage. Besides, these EOs lowered TBARS values, residual nitrite, and TBC in sausage. They also resulted in the rise of nitrite's efficacy in reducing TBARS values and TBC in sausage. Proteus was more sensitive than Klebsiella, whereas E. coli showed more resistance when adding nitrite or EO to sausage. The tested EOs increased the inhibitory influence of nitrite on Proteus, Klebsiella, Aspergillus niger, and Candida albicans in sausage. We concluded that the EOs of clove and thyme have antioxidant and antimicrobial efficacies in raw beef sausage during frozen storage. Also, they have a synergistic impact on nitrite. Therefore, it is suggested that these EOs, especially thyme, could be utilized to prolong shelf-life, prevent deterioration of sausage, and lessen the added nitrite's proportion to sausage for avoiding the formation of carcinogenic N-nitrosamines‏.
Keywords
Clove Essential Oil, Thyme Essential Oil, Antioxidant Activity, Antimicrobial Activity, Nitrite, Beef Sausage
To cite this article
Amal Gamil Sedki, Ashraf Refaat El-Zainy, Basma Tarek Rajab, Thyme and Clove Essential Oils as Antioxidants and Antimicrobial in Beef Sausage, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 117-126. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20200805.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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