Volume 8, Issue 3, May 2020, Page: 55-62
Feeding Practices and Nutritional Status of Children (Aged 2-5 Years) in Food Secure and Insecure Households in Kuyu Woreda, Oromia, Ethiopia
Tamiru Yazew, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Wollega University, Shambu, Ethiopia
Agama Daba, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Wollega University, Shambu, Ethiopia
Received: May 27, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 10, 2020;       Published: Jun. 20, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfns.20200803.12      View  173      Downloads  61
Abstract
Malnutrition, poor child feeding practices and low dietary diversity are common in low income households, where food insecurity is prevalent. Therefore, this study was designed to assess and compare nutritional status, feeding practices and dietary diversity scores of children (aged 2-5 years) in food secure and insecure households of Kuyu woreda. A community based comparative, cross sectional study was conducted in March, 2016. Multi stages sampling methods were employed to select 612 children, out of which 304 children were from food secure and 308 from insecure households. Dietary diversity score was assessed using a 24 hrs recall method. Anthropometric measurements of children were taken and nutritional status was generated using WHO Anthro v.3.2.2. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 was used to perform descriptive statistics, independent samples T test and chi-square test analyses. P value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. The prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting was 48.7%, 36.7% and 20.5% respectively for children in food insecure households. While the prevalence of stunting was 43%, underweight 30.9% and wasting 16.8% for children in food secure households. Daily meal frequency; having breakfast, midmorning, afternoon and bedtime snack among children in food secure households were significantly higher than food insecure households (p<0.05). In addition, children restriction and pressure during meal were significantly (p<0.05) higher in food insecure households compared to their counterparts. Moreover, this study found that food secure and insecure households were significantly different in children's dietary diversity scores (x2=13.1, p<0.001), child feeding practices (x2=11.2, p= 0.001), consumption of dairy products (x2=15.44, p<0.001) and vitamin A rich fruits and vegetables (x2=8.37, p=0.004). Most importantly, the study revealed that nutritional statuses of children from food secure households were significantly better compared to those from their counterparts. Therefore, all responsible bodies should support poor communities through providing foods or cash money to improve the nutritional status, child feeding practices and dietary diversity scores of children in the study area.
Keywords
Undernutrition, Children Aged 2-5 Years, Feeding Practices, Dietary Diversity, Food Insecurity
To cite this article
Tamiru Yazew, Agama Daba, Feeding Practices and Nutritional Status of Children (Aged 2-5 Years) in Food Secure and Insecure Households in Kuyu Woreda, Oromia, Ethiopia, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 55-62. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20200803.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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