Volume 8, Issue 3, May 2020, Page: 43-54
Nutritional Status and Associated Factors Among Preschool Children in Bahir Dar City Administration, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross-sectional Study
Badasa Rata Jalata, Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Faculty of Chemical and Food Engineering, Bahir Dar Institute of Technology, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Received: Feb. 6, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 9, 2020;       Published: Jun. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfns.20200803.11      View  29      Downloads  17
Abstract
The issue of child malnutrition is decisive as its characteristics are not restricted to the boundary of childhood but rather persist into adulthood. It is also a sober public health problem in which the recent report in the country showed 25% of children were underweight, 9% wasted and 38% stunted. However, underlying variations of these nutritional indicators and determinant factors among localities are poorly understood. Therefore, the main objective of the study is to assess the prevalence of child malnutrition, their causes, and related factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bahir Dar on a total of 615 preschool-age children from February to May 2018. A multistage systematic sampling method was employed to collect quantitative data using a structured questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. The information was processed using Epi-Info 3.5.4 software and exported to SPSS 20 for analysis. NCHS reference population was used to convert height and weight measurements into Z-scores. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis techniques were employed to identify associated factors with nutritional status. A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. The study indicated 7% of the children were wasted, 30.9% stunted, and 18.7% underweight. The bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that family income [AOR=.233 at 95% CI (.085-.637)], number of under-five children [AOR=2.618 at 95% CI (1.751-9.124)], source of water [AOR=2.852 at 95% CI (1.029-7.901)], paternal education [AOR=4.19 at 95% CI (1.298-13.527)], maternal education [AOR=2.740 at 95% CI (1.193-6.294)], and family head [AOR=.421 at 95% CI (.233-.762)], were positively associated with underweight. Chronic nutritional problems (stunting) and underweight were highly prevalent in Bahir Dar compared to the urban areas of neighbouring countries while the acute nutritional problem was at an intermediate level. To intervene in this problem, a community-based nutrition program should be established. Additionally, nutritional education should get a high emphasis to improve the nutritional status of children.
Keywords
Nutritional Status, Associated Factors, Cross-sectional, Anthropometry, Bahir Dar
To cite this article
Badasa Rata Jalata, Nutritional Status and Associated Factors Among Preschool Children in Bahir Dar City Administration, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross-sectional Study, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 43-54. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20200803.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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