Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2020, Page: 30-36
Adequately Iodized Salt and Associated Factors at Household Level in Kolfe keraniyo Sub-city, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Habtamu Ayigegn, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Ddis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tsedeke Wolde, Department of Public Health, St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Dessalegn Geleta, Department of Public Health, St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Kinfe Haile, Department of Public Health, St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Ayinalem Alemu, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Ddis Ababa, Ethiopia
Zebenay Workneh Bitew, St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: May 11, 2020;       Accepted: May 28, 2020;       Published: Jun. 8, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfns.20200802.12      View  35      Downloads  15
Abstract
Iodine deficiency is a major public health problem throughout the world. Salt iodization is the commonest type of food fortification well exercised in many countries as the method of choice to eliminate iodine deficiency disorders. This study aimed to assess adequately iodized salt and associated factors at the household level in Kolfe keraniyo sub-city, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Kolfe keraniyo sub-city, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from July to August 2019. In this study, 541 samples were included. Rapid test kit was used to get a semi-quantitative estimation of the salt iodine level. Among all samples, 95.5% was adequately iodized (>15ppm). In multivariable analysis, educational level (AOR=3.30; 95% CI: 1.06, 10.32), storing salt in an open container (AOR=10.71; 95% CI: 3.26, 35.23), salt buying frequency (AOR= 6.69; 95% CI: 2.34-19.10), using packed salt (AOR= 4.26; 95% CI: 1.46-12.40) and household monthly income ≥200 ETB (AOR=3.10; 95% CI: 1.11-8.60) had a statistically significant association to availability of adequately iodized salt at household level. In this study, the proportion of households that use adequately iodized salt meets the WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD recommended proportion (≥90%). However, a considerable amount of households use inadequately iodized salt. Increasing the awareness of the community on proper storage and utilization of iodized salt should be done.
Keywords
Adequately Iodized, Salt, Iodine, Kolfe keraniyo, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Habtamu Ayigegn, Tsedeke Wolde, Dessalegn Geleta, Kinfe Haile, Ayinalem Alemu, Zebenay Workneh Bitew, Adequately Iodized Salt and Associated Factors at Household Level in Kolfe keraniyo Sub-city, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 30-36. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20200802.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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