Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Page: 236-239
Knowledge and Practices of Mothers: Infant and Young Child’s Feeding in Chowk Azam, the Punjab, Pakistan
Anaam Arif, Department of Public Health, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan
Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Department of Public Health, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abid Hussain, Independent Consultant, Islamabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Awais Arif, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Medical Sciences, Cienfuegos, Cuba
Received: Oct. 19, 2015;       Accepted: Nov. 2, 2015;       Published: Dec. 5, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfns.20150306.16      View  5413      Downloads  192
Abstract
In order to investigate the knowledge and practices of mothers regarding breast feeding and complementary feeding and to assess their compliance with the health guidelines, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of infant complementary feeding and breast feeding practices was conducted in a sample of 230 mothers. Data was collected systematically from rural areas of Chowk Azam. A validated questionnaire comprising of questions pertaining to sociodemographic profile, knowledge and practices of breast feeding and complementary feeding practices was used. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 and chi square test was applied.Our study resultsrevealed thatonly 18% mothers were practicing complementary feeding at the recommended age. About 72% of the respondents started complementary feeding before the recommended age of six months and 3% mothers started delayed complementary feeding. Around 6.5% mothers had children less than six months of age and did not start complementary feeding yet. Almost half of the respondents 56.3%were using the homemade complementary food, while less than a fourth i.e. 19.5% mothers were giving commercially prepared food to their children and rest of one-fourth mothers 24.2% were giving both types of food. We conclude that knowledge and practices of mothers pertaining to breast feeding and complementary feeding practices are at mixed levels, and their understanding aboutexact time of starting complementary feeding is suboptimal. There is a need to create awareness among mothers regarding theappropriate time of starting complementary feeding so that health status of the infants and children can be ameliorated.
Keywords
Complementary Feeding, Pakistan, Knowledge, Breast Feeding
To cite this article
Anaam Arif, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Abid Hussain, Muhammad Awais Arif, Knowledge and Practices of Mothers: Infant and Young Child’s Feeding in Chowk Azam, the Punjab, Pakistan, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 236-239. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20150306.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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